The human knee contains many critical parts, all who are exposed to injury. The most common signs of knee injury include swelling and pain around the area. Here is a list of common knee injuries in addition to their treatments.
This displacement of the bones of the knee could be either partial or whole. Falls, car crashes, high impact injury and sport associated battles are the principal causes of knee dislocations.
A fracture occurs when the bone in the knee is broken. The patella is the most common bone that normally gets broken around the knee. Another common fracture spot is at the ends of the femur and tibia, only where they connect. Like in the case of dislocations, falls, car crashes, high impact injury and sport associated battles are the principal causes of knee fractures.
The knee contains the patellar and quadriceps tendons which can be torn when overstretched. Everyone is prone to tendon tears, but it’s more common among athletes and middle-aged individuals. Common causes of knee tendon injuries arise from awkward touchdowns during high jumps, falls and direct impact to the knee.
This injury is largely common with athletes who strain during physical activities. When the athlete is tackled, the knee twists or pivots badly which results to sudden meniscal tears. Ageing and arthritis are also contributing variables of meniscal tears. Older patients may turn their feet while doing simple tasks and may bring about the knee injury.
Ligament injuries are very different and affect distinct knee ligaments. They’re mostly influenced by high impact during sports activities.
Professional medical help should be sought if the knee injury cannot be managed with home remedies. This can be referred to a physician understand as an orthopaedic surgeon. When referred to a Chatswood knee specialist you could experience an MRI or CAT scan to determine if knee surgery is required.
Below is a list of distinct knee treatments from http://www.bestkneesurgeon.com.au.
When a part of the knee cartilage known as meniscus is torn, meniscectomy knee surgery is a potential solution. Arthroscopy is the most common sort of meniscectomy in which small incisions are induced around the knee space. Various instruments including a small camera are added to help alleviate the damaged meniscus.
In particular events, there’s the chance of repairing the cartilage as an alternative to opting for complete removal. In other instances, the meniscus is transplanted, replaced by a donor’s cartilage. Arthritis and further knee injury are reduced with the cartilage replacement process.
2. Tendon Repair
Situated at the front of the knee, those two tendons are prone to injury after high impact. In severe cases, surgical repair is prompted for instances where these two tendons are changed.
3.Partial Knee Replacement
This happens when an injury is restricted to just one section of the knee. Metal and plastic parts are used to replace damaged portions of the knee. Quicker healing, a smaller incision and lesser lack of blood are some of the advantages of this type of process.
4. Full Knee Replacement
Some patients who suffer serious damage to the knee might have to get full knee replacement. This is especially common with individuals suffering from severe arthritis in the knees. According to the severity of the injury, a doctor might decline partial knee replacement in favour of full knee replacement.